Effects of Highly Crystalized Nano C-S-H Particles on Performances of Portland Cement Paste and Its Mechanism
In order to improve the early age strength of ordinary Portland cement-based materials, many early strength agents were applied in different conditions. Different from previous research, the nano calcium silicate hydrate (C-S-H) particles used in this study were synthesized through the chemical reaction of CaO, SiO2, and H2O under 120 °C using the hydrothermal method, and the prepared nano C-S-H particles were highly crystalized. The influences of different amounts of nano C-S-H particles (0%,
... S-H particles (0%, 0.5%, 1%, 2% and 3% by weight of cement) on the setting time, compressive strength, and hydration heat of cement paste were studied. The hydration products and microstructure of the cement paste with different additions of nano C-S-H particles were investigated through thermogravimetry-differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscope (SEM) tests. The results show that the nano C-S-H particles could be used as an early strength agent, and the early strength of cement paste can be increased by up to 43% through accelerating the hydration of tricalcium silicate (C3S). However, the addition of more than 2% nano C-S-H particles was unfavorable to the later strength development due to more space being left during the initial accelerated hydration process. It is suggested that the suitable content of the nano C-S-H particles is 0.5%−1% by weight of cement.