Frequency regulation by management of building cooling systems through Model Predictive Control

F. Baccino, F. Conte, S. Massucco, F. Silvestro, S. Grillo
2014 2014 Power Systems Computation Conference  
Frequency stability in power systems is a key driver for the maintenance of supply quality. Thermal loads, if properly managed, can play an important role in providing support to the frequency regulation. In this framework, the paper presents a control strategy to enable a load aggregator to manage a set of building cooling systems to contribute both to primary and secondary regulation. The proposed strategy uses the Model Predictive Control approach. Frequency support is provided without
more » ... mising the natural mission of the controlled loads, i.e., the end-user thermal comfort. The introduced method is tested by means of software-in-the-loop simulation studies. The implemented testing framework emulates real-time operation of a building aggregate within a benchmark network with high penetration of wind generation. Results show the ability of the control algorithm to optimally coordinate the contribution of thermal loads both to primary and secondary frequency regulation. Keywords-Model predictive control, demand control, primary and secondary frequency control, ancillary services.
doi:10.1109/pscc.2014.7038380 dblp:conf/pscc/BaccinoCMSG14 fatcat:ghv4hn7zazhobad4r7ia72rgkq