The competitiveness of polish agriculture after accession to the EU
Ekonomika Poljoprivrede (1979)
The purpose of doing business in agriculture is to achieve the best possible economic effect with the available factors of production. Production factors, which are determined by their quantity and quality, create a definite production potential. Socio-economic transformations that took place in Poland in the period of EU membership caused a number of structural changes in the resources and distribution of production factors in agriculture. As compared to other sectors of the economy the
... in the agricultural sector seem relatively the most significant ones. The material presented below includes: a brief presentation of the place and the role of agriculture in the Polish economy, analysis of structural changes in the 2002-2012 period, information concerning economic results of the agricultural sector and financial dimension of public policies for agriculture and conclusions from this assessment referring to the issues of competitiveness and efficiency of the Polish sector. Key words: structural changes in agriculture, competitiveness of agriculture, efficiency of agriculture, State aid for agriculture, Common Agricultural Policy. JEL: Q18, Q10 EP 2014 (61) 1 (87-102) Marek Wigier in the EU, as well as those related to CAP implementation and relate them the issues of competitiveness and efficiency of the agricultural sector. The paper adopts competitiveness and efficiency of Polish farms as indicators of their economic strength. Evaluating competitiveness we take into account the resources of production factors, efficiency of their use, dynamic and direction of structural changes. Wysokińska (Wysokińska, 2001 ) links competitiveness to efficient use of resources of production factors, as well as structural changes taking place in the economy resulting in increased efficiency of farming. According to Meredyk (Meredyk, 2001) competitiveness is a feature of economic growth and follows directly from the quantity and quality of labour. M. Porter sees competitiveness through the eye of the ability to create conditions favourable for development of the international competitiveness of companies under individual national industries and branches (Porter, 1995) . The definition of competitiveness relies more and more often on two interconnected pillars of efficiency and quality, since it is the quality of products that preconditions the prices and possibilities of sales. Numerous authors, such as G. Hamel, C. K. Prahalad, J. Barney, J. Kay, M. Cassone do not define competitiveness although they analyse it in their works. Thus competitiveness analysis can be conducted ex post -by assessing the result of competition at a defined moment in time, or ex ante -by referring it to a long-term ability to keep or improve the present competitive position.