Processing waste from logging and woodworking enterprises into a non-conventional reclamation substrate using environmentally friendly technologies

Tatyana Galdina, Anatoliy Kulakov, Valentin Rantsev-Kartinov, D. Rudoy, A. Olshevskaya, N. Ugrekhelidze
2021 E3S Web of Conferences  
The article contains information about a newly developed technology for processing waste from logging and woodworking enterprises. The developers have proposed an environmentally friendly technology for processing organic waste into a product that has a strong land-reclamation effect and increases the natural potential of soils. The technology proposed by the authors is based on the unique technical capabilities of a developed machine - a highly efficient mill that grinds the waste into
more » ... ed fineness, and a highly efficient mixer that makes it possible to obtain homogeneous mixtures of various materials and different fineness. The unconventional substrate obtained from this method, due to the scientifically grounded composition and ratios of the composite components of organic waste, has effective land-reclamation properties that increase the soil potential, and restores the fertility of the humus horizon. The use of an unconventional land-reclamation substrate in nurseries increased the survival rate and growth rates of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) seedlings both in the open field and in greenhouses. Thus, the machine proposed by the authors in a single technological operation allows for the processing of waste from the logging and woodworking enterprises and ultimately to obtain a product that helps to increase the soil potential of degraded lands.
doi:10.1051/e3sconf/202127304003 fatcat:4njgdk5wtjgn5o3sjtdmbnqtdu