Detection of mild cognitive impairment by spinal posture assessment in health exams of the general older population: A Japanese cohort survey randomly sampled from a basic resident registry [post]

Hikaru Nishimura, Shota Ikegami, Masashi Uehara, Jun Takahashi, Ryosuke Tokida, Hiroyuki Kato
2021 unpublished
The recent increase in the older adult population has led to a higher prevalence of cognitive impairment, which is often overlooked in routine health examinations. Citizens aged 50 to 89 years were targeted for this cohort survey by random sampling from the resident registry of a cooperating town in 2014. A total of 413 participants (203 male and 210 female) were enrolled. We analyzed the distribution of cognitive function test scores as determined by Montreal Cognitive Assessment and
more » ... l State Examination tests in each age (50's, 60's, 70's and 80's) and sex group to examine whether mild cognitive impairment (MCI) could be detected by sagittal spinal balance measurement based on a radiological approach. Sagittal spinal balance was quantitatively measured as sagittal vertical axis (SVA). We observed significant associations for higher age and/or SVA anteriorization with lower cognitive function. In men, spinal balance anteriorization was associated with MCI independently of age, with combinations of age and SVA also making valid MCI determinations; male cases of SVA ≥ 100 mm at any age, SVA ≥ 90 mm at ≥ 70 years, and SVA ≥ 70 mm at ≥ 80 years were all more likely to have MCI than cases below those values. For women, MCI was more likely in cases of SVA ≥ 70 mm, regardless of age. Thus, spinal balance anteriorization can be regarded as an easily visible indicator of latent MCI in community-dwelling older people.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:lo5f76gec5eijf3vd2djnflro4