Reproductive health decision making among nomadic pastoralists in North Eastern Kenya: a qualitative social network analysis

Leah Kenny, Rahma Hassan, Loraine J. Bacchus, Matthew Smith, Bettina Shell-Duncan, Nana Apenem Dagadu, Angela Muriuki, Abdullahi Hussein Aden, Ibrahim Abdirizak Jelle, Beniamino Cislaghi, Mazeda Hossain
2021 Reproductive Health  
Background To our knowledge, no studies exist on the influence of nomadic pastoralist women's networks on their reproductive and sexual health (RSH), including uptake of modern family planning (FP). Methods Using name generator questions, we carried out qualitative egocentric social network analysis (SNA) to explore the networks of four women. Networks were analyzed in R, visuals created in Visone and a framework approach used for the qualitative data. Results Women named 10–12 individuals.
more » ... 12 individuals. Husbands were key in RSH decisions and never supported modern FP use. Women were unsure who supported their use of modern FP and we found evidence for a norm against it within their networks. Conclusions Egocentric SNA proves valuable to exploring RSH reference groups, particularly where there exists little prior research. Pastoralist women's networks likely change as a result of migration and conflict; however, husbands make RSH decisions and mothers and female neighbors provide key support in broader RSH issues. Interventions to increase awareness of modern FP should engage with women's wider networks.
doi:10.1186/s12978-021-01164-1 pmid:34039368 fatcat:ipewswrrprf7ro33xy3n4pqrla