Microstructural characterization of ball-milled metal matrix nanocomposites (Cr, Ni, Ti)-25 wt% (Al2O3np, SiCnp)

Y. Afkham, R. Azari Khosroshahi, R. Taherzadeh Mousavian, D. Brabazon, R. Kheirifard
2016 Particulate Science and Technology  
The microstructure of high-temperature metals such as Ti, Ni, and Cr can be modified using ceramic nanoparticles to form metal matrix nanocomposites (MMNCs). Such materials are generally prepared via powder metallurgy routes. In this study, 25 wt. % SiCnp and Al2O3np were separately ball-milled as a reinforcement of Ti, Cr, and Ni matrices to investigate their effects on the phase formation and morphology of the MMNCs. The XRD, SEM, and FESEM results indicated that the alumina-metal system
more » ... not be thermodynamically stable in a high-energy ball mill, while the SiC reinforcement could be retained and milled with the metals even after 24 hours. It was further observed that the distribution of nanoparticles was not affected by the type of metal, ceramic, and milling time. Finally, it was determined that the nanoparticles significantly reduced the average particle size of composite powders.
doi:10.1080/02726351.2016.1211778 fatcat:t574msw6qjbfpfoqog2dzmllhi