Determination of Wair value in high energy electron beam [thesis]

Alexandra Bourgouin
They give me five years five years It's my turn [...] Hope you don't two-time It'll be the best time There won't be no next time It's show time Sinéad O'Connor, Jerusalem, The Lion and the Cobra, Chrysalis Records, 1987 Abstract Purpose: The mean energy expended by a charged particle slowing to a stop in air to created ion pair, W air , is a key value in radiation dosimetry standards. It is used to convert the charge created into the energy deposited. The ICRU report 90 has reaffirmed the
more » ... eaffirmed the accepted value to be 33.97(12) eV and to be energetically independent above 10 keV. However, a recent publication by Tessier et al. (DOI: 10.1002/mp.12660) has shown a possible energy dependence. The present work aims to determine the value of W air in high-energy electron beams and to investigate the assumption that W air is energy independent. Methods: W air can be evaluated by combining ionometric and calorimetric measurements with a calculated ratio of the absorbed dose in the detectors. Graphite and aluminum detectors were used and the dose ratio was calculated using the EGSnrc Monte Carlo code. A range of average energies at the measurement point were obtained by inserting absorber plates in the primary beam. Results: The overall standard uncertainty in the determination of W air was approximately 0.5 %, and similar for both sets of detectors. Good agreement was obtained between the two separate experiments, but the data appear to separate into two sets. The smaller (9 points) yielding a value for W air of 33.76 (16) eV, consistent with the current consensus value of 33.97(12) eV; the larger (31 points) reproducing the energy dependency observed by Tessier et al.. Conclusion: This investigation cannot rule out a possible energy dependence of W air in high-energy electron beams of -0.18(3) % per MeV. Although not supported by theory, a systematic review of the methods used and the parameters influencing the overall result did not identify any experimental error that could explain the unexpected energy dependence. ii Statement of originality This thesis summarizes the most significant portions of the author's research over the course of her doctoral studies. This work has been published in the peerreviewed papers and conference presentations listed below. Dr. Malcolm McEwen supervised this project, giving input on many aspects of the research, and provided comments on the published manuscript. The author made most of the experimental measurements, performed all of the computational work, analyzed the results, wrote and prepared the manuscript and revised them based on comments from referees. as active detector for dosimetry in ultra-high pulse dose rate electron beams", Frontiers in Physics (2020) under peer review.
doi:10.22215/etd/2020-14303 fatcat:exgbrbeqznfcln2kigfe7ev62y