Short-term prognostic value of TAPSE, RVFAC and Tricuspid S' wave peak systolic velocity after first acute myocardial infarction

Engy Magdy Lewis Awad, Adel Hamdy Mahmoud, Khaled Sayed Maghrby, Nasser Mohamad Taha, Alaa Mohamed Ibrahim
2020 BMC Research Notes  
Right ventricular dysfunction impacts the prognosis of various heart diseases. We set-out to examine which right ventricular functional parameters after STEMI and NSTEMI have prognostic value. Of 297 eligible participants, 266 (149 STEMI and 117 NSTEMI) completed follow-up. All patients underwent Grace score and 2D-echocardiography within 24 h. Outcome was defined as occurrence of Major Adverse Cardiovascular events (MACE), such as death, recurrent ischaemia, arrhythmia, reinfarction, stroke or
more » ... farction, stroke or heart failure, within 30 days. Patients were categorized into patients with MACE and patients without MACE. In STEMI-patients, compared to those without MACE, patients with MACE experienced higher grace score, left ventricle (LV) end-systolic volume, LV end-systolic dimension and wall motion score index values, but lower tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion, right ventricle (RV) fractional area change, Tricuspid S' wave peak systolic velocity and LV ejection fraction. Nevertheless, in NSTEMI-patients, those with MACE exhibited higher left atrial volume index values, but lower tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion, RV fractional area change, S' wave peak systolic velocity and LVEF. Right ventricular fractional area change < 37.5%, tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion < 15.8 mm and Tricuspid S' peak systolic velocity < 9.67 cm/s are independent predictors of MACE within first 30 days after STEMI and NSTEMI.
doi:10.1186/s13104-020-05040-2 pmid:32238188 fatcat:re6nujzgkvbj7pfjboc5jtc7cy