Quantum optical systems for the implementation of quantum information processing

T C Ralph
2006 Reports on progress in physics (Print)  
We review the field of Quantum Optical Information from elementary considerations through to quantum computation schemes. We illustrate our discussion with descriptions of experimental demonstrations of key communication and processing tasks from the last decade and also look forward to the key results likely in the next decade. We examine both discrete (single photon) type processing as well as those which employ continuous variable manipulations. The mathematical formalism is kept to the
more » ... um needed to understand the key theoretical and experimental results.
doi:10.1088/0034-4885/69/4/r01 fatcat:6om3rbxx6rfl7owwsrvutuvt3u