Voltage-Based Load Recognition in Low Voltage Distribution Grids with Deep Learning

Henning Schlachter, Stefan Geißendörfer, Karsten von Maydell, Carsten Agert
2021 Energies  
Due to the increasing penetration of renewable energies in lower voltage level, there is a need to develop new control strategies to stabilize the grid voltage. For this, an approach using deep learning to recognize electric loads in voltage profiles is presented. This is based on the idea to classify loads in the local grid environment of an inverter's grid connection point to provide information for adaptive control strategies. The proposed concept uses power profiles to systematically
more » ... e training data. During hyper-parameter optimizations, multi-layer perceptron (MLP) and convolutional neural networks (CNN) are trained, validated, and evaluated to determine the best task configurations. The approach is demonstrated on the example recognition of two electric vehicles. Finally, the influence of the distance in a test grid from the transformer and the active load to the measurement point, respectively, onto the recognition accuracy is investigated. A larger distance between the inverter and the transformer improved the recognition, while a larger distance between the inverter and active loads decreased the accuracy. The developed concept shows promising results in the simulation environment for adaptive voltage control.
doi:10.3390/en15010104 fatcat:rxlslzmyxraktfsm2fvni3gfqu