Gravitino dark matter fromQ-ball decays

Ian M. Shoemaker, Alexander Kusenko
2009 Physical Review D  
Affleck-Dine baryogenesis, accompanied by the formation and subsequent decay of Q-balls, can generate both the baryon asymmetry of the universe and dark matter in the form of gravitinos. The gravitinos from Q-ball decay dominate over the thermally produced population if the reheat temperature is less than 10^7 GeV. We show that a gravitino with mass around 1 GeV is consistent with all observational bounds and can explain the baryon-to-dark-matter ratio in the gauge-mediated models of
more » ... ry breaking for a wide range of cosmological and Q-ball parameters. Moreover, decaying Q-balls can be the dominant production mechanism for m_3/2 < 1 GeV gravitinos if the Q-balls are formed from a (B-L) = 0 condensate, which produces no net baryon asymmetry. Gravitinos with masses in the range (50 eV - 100 keV) produced in this way can act as warm dark matter and can have observable imprint on the small-scale structure.
doi:10.1103/physrevd.80.075021 fatcat:s5xpxqjh4jdsba7fwygaaxar2i