Prevention of Workplace Musculoskeletal Disorders among Computer Operators

Mohammad Delshad, Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad
The muscle strength decline is a risk factor for shorter lifespan due to lower health-related fitness (HRF). HRF levels influence not only health conditions and productivity, but also cause workday loss, and lower mood and performance in the workplace. Factors like lack of knowledge/skill in fitness principals, poor dietary habits, traditions, low physical activity (PA) level, low movement, time constraint on doing regular exercise due to academic stress, insufficient social support,
more » ... support, intimidating exercise environment, and limited exercise facilities cause lower HRF [1] During recent years, there were numerous advances in our understanding of the essential processes that cause people's behavior. It could be concluded that different systems can form different behaviors. For instance, different educations could shape different behaviors [2]. Health behaviors are "overt behavioral patterns, actions or habits that lead to health maintenance, health restorations, and health improvement. In this regard, health behavior theories are a family of psychological models that have been used to understand and predict health behaviors [2]. Prolonged sitting in the working place tends to be associated with musculo-skeletal disorders of which low back pain (LBP) is the most prevalent [3]. However, too much sitting is associated with an increased risk of chronic diseases and premature death [4]. Although the sedentary behavior is most prevalent among office workers, less is known about the factors that determine sedentary behavior. Personality-characteristic patterns of feeling/thinking, and attitudes might be related to sedentary behavior. In particular, there is now good evidence implying that personality