International Pressure of the Introduction of Carbon Tax and U.S. Response: Policy Implications for Korea
International Journal of Control and Automation
Korea has suggested a goal for reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 37 percent from the BAU level by 2030 to international society. As a means to achieve this goal, a carbon tax has been discussed again. Both Korea and America highly rely on fossil fuel. Seen in this perspective, identifying how to address climate changes in America according to a carbon tax has great implications for Korea as to how to deal with climate changes. Since it was against national interest, America withdrew from the
... a withdrew from the Kyoto Protocol in 2001 and also failed to pass the carbon tax bills sponsored after 1990 in the United States Congress due to the same reasons. Due to lobbying activities in industrial areas to prevent climate change legislation and skeptical reactions from civil society against a carbon tax, there has been lack of climate change legislation in federal government. According to them, we have suggested what needed to be importantly considered when reviewing the adoption of a carbon tax in Korea. In addition, it was emphasized that adoption of a carbon tax shall be performed in balance of national and international interest.