Temperament and brain networks of attention

Michael I. Posner, Mary K. Rothbart
2018 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
The attention networks of the human brain are important control systems that develop from infancy into adulthood. While they are common to everyone, they differ in efficiency, forming the basis of individual differences in attention. We have developed methods for measuring the efficiency of these networks in older children and adults and have also examined their development from infancy. During infancy the alerting and orienting networks are dominant in control of the infant's actions, but
more » ... an executive network dominates. Each network has been associated with its main neuromodulator and these have led to associations with genes related to that network neuromodulator. The links between parent reports of their child's effortful control and the executive attention network allow us to associate molecular mechanisms to fundamental behavioural outcomes. This article is part of the theme issue 'Diverse perspectives on diversity: multi-disciplinary approaches to taxonomies of individual differences'.
doi:10.1098/rstb.2017.0254 pmid:29483356 fatcat:4guqjvoplfbivkyibavdlo2xn4