Review of Honey Bee and Honey Production in Ethiopia
Journal of Animal Science Advances
The study was carried out in North Western parts of Amhara region to characterize honey production systems, major challenges, opportunities and honey quality in the study area. Six randomly selected districts 120 (a total of 720) respondents were employed using semi-structured questionnaires. A total of 42 table honey samples each weighing 0.5 kg (21kg of honey) from different beekeepers and 40 kg honey was collected from local markets on randomly for physicochemical evaluation like (moisture
... on like (moisture content, pH, free acidity, ash content, electrical conductivity, water insoluble solids, diastase activity and hydroxymethyl furfural (HMF) and organoleptic attributes (taste and color). Honey yield/ production/ households were 77.55kg, 81.84kg and 186.18kg for traditional, transitional and frame hive respectively. The three honey production systems were had varied honey yield capacity. Traditional beekeeping systems with an average honey yield of (7.20 ±0.23kg/year), Transitional beekeeping systems (MCTB) with an average yield of (14.70 ±0.62kg/year) and frame hive with average production of 23.38±0.73kg per year. Almost all samples of honey examined (moisture =18.52%, Ash= 0.23%, sugar reducing = 67.83%, SU=7.55%, Free acidity=28.24milli.equiv.acid/kg, HMF= 6.32mg/kg pH= 3.81 and Water insoluble material = 3.2) were within the acceptable range of world and national standard, except for water insoluble material which is poor mainly due to lack of appropriate handling during harvesting and storage of the product. Due to this high honey production potential of the study area for apiculture and good quality standard of honey, it is advised to exploit the potential for export market with better intervention. More study is also required to characterize the honeybees of the area and major pests and diseases of economic importance.