Time-restricted feeding and lower-extremity functioning in community-dwelling older adults
Background: Time-restricted feeding, a specific form of intermittent fasting, has been associated with several possible health benefits including improved body composition, blood lipid levels and extended lifespan. However, it is unknown if time-restricted feeding confers a protective effect on the physical function of older adults. The aim of this study was to assess time-restricted feeding in association with performance-based lower-extremity function (LEF) in a large population of
... ation of community-dwelling older adults.Methods: Cross-sectional study among 1,226 individuals ≥64 years from the Seniors-ENRICA-II cohort. In 2016-2017, habitual diet was assessed through a validated diet history. Fasting time was classified into the following categories: ≤9, 10-11, and ≥12hours/day, the latter being considered time-restricted feeding. Performance-based LEF was assessed with the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB).Results: After adjusting for potential confounders, a longer fasting period was associated with a higher likelihood of impaired LEF [odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the second and third categories: 2.27 (1.56-3.33); and 2.70 (1.80-4.04), respectively, considering the ≤9 hours/day fasting group as the reference category; p-trend <0.001]. When assessing each SPPB subtest separately, fasting time showed a significant association with balance impairment (OR for highest vs. lowest fasting time: 2.48; 95% CI: 1.51-4.08; p-trend= 0.001) and difficulty to rise from a chair (OR for highest vs. lowest fasting time: 1.47; 95% CI: 1.05-2.06; p-trend= 0.01).Conclusions: Time-restricted feeding was associated with a higher likelihood of impaired LEF, balance impairment, and difficulty to rise from a chair in older adults. These results need to be confirmed in further longitudinal studies.Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03541135. Registered 30 May 2018, retrospectively registered.