Toward a Sparse Bayesian Markov Random Field Approach to Hyperspectral Unmixing and Classification

Peng Chen, James D. B. Nelson, Jean-Yves Tourneret
2017 IEEE Transactions on Image Processing  
OATAO is an open access repository that collects the work of Toulouse researchers and makes it freely available over the web where possible. This is an author-deposited version published in : Eprints ID : 16625 To link to this article : Abstract-Recent work has shown that existing powerful Bayesian hyperspectral unmixing algorithms can be significantly improved by incorporating the inherent local spatial correlations between pixel class labels via the use of
more » ... random fields. We here propose a new Bayesian approach to joint hyperspectral unmixing and image classification such that the previous assumption of stochastic abundance vectors is relaxed to a formulation whereby a common abundance vector is assumed for pixels in each class. This allows us to avoid stochastic reparameterizations and, instead, we propose a symmetric Dirichlet distribution model with adjustable parameters for the common abundance vector of each class. Inference over the proposed model is achieved via a hybrid Gibbs sampler, and in particular, simulated annealing is introduced for the label estimation in order to avoid the localtrap problem. Experiments on a synthetic image and a popular, publicly available real data set indicate the proposed model is faster than and outperforms the existing approach quantitatively and qualitatively. Moreover, for appropriate choices of the Dirichlet parameter, it is shown that the proposed approach has the capability to induce sparsity in the inferred abundance vectors. It is demonstrated that this offers increased robustness in cases where the preprocessing endmember extraction algorithms overestimate the number of active endmembers present in a given scene. Index Terms-Hyperspectral unmixing, image classification, spatial correlations, Markov random fields (MRFs), Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC), simulated annealing.
doi:10.1109/tip.2016.2622401 pmid:27810822 fatcat:agwx4zun5ng6xfpumwm6jmuc5y