Upscaling energy control from building to districts: Current limitations and future perspectives

Jonathan Reynolds, Yacine Rezgui, Jean-Laurent Hippolyte
2017 Sustainable cities and society  
A B S T R A C T Due to the complexity and increasing decentralisation of the energy infrastructure, as well as growing penetration of renewable generation and proliferation of energy prosumers, the way in which energy consumption in buildings is managed must change. Buildings need to be considered as active participants in a complex and wider district-level energy landscape. To achieve this, the authors argue the need for a new generation of energy control systems capable of adapting to near
more » ... l-time environmental conditions while maximising the use of renewables and minimising energy demand within a district environment. This will be enabled by cloud-based demand-response strategies through advanced data analytics and optimisation, underpinned by semantic data models as demonstrated by the Computational Urban Sustainability Platform, CUSP, prototype presented in this paper. The growing popularity of time of use tariffs and smart, IoT connected devices offer opportunities for Energy Service Companies, ESCo's, to play a significant role in this new energy landscape. They could provide energy management and cost savings for adaptable users, while meeting energy and CO 2 reduction targets. The paper provides a critical review and agenda setting perspective for energy management in buildings and beyond.
doi:10.1016/j.scs.2017.05.012 fatcat:ekhtyfpjtbbcvimhsmkypwqkme