Audio system for technical readings [chapter]

1998 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The advent of electronic documents makes information available in more than its visual form -electronic information can now be display-independent. We describe a computing system, A S T E R, that audio formats electronic documents to produce audio documents. A S T E R can speak both literary texts and highly technical documents (presently in (L A )T E X) that contain complex mathematics. Visual communication is characterized by the eye's ability to actively access parts of a two-dimensional
more » ... lay. The reader is active, while the display is passive. This active-passive role is reversed by the temporal nature of oral communication: information flows actively past a passive listener. This prohibits multiple viewsit is impossible to first obtain a high-level view and then "look" at details. These shortcomings become severe when presenting complex mathematics orally. Audio formatting, which renders information structure in a manner attuned to an auditory display, overcomes these problems. A S T E R is interactive, and the ability to browse information structure and obtain multiple views enables active listening.
doi:10.1007/bfb0054978 fatcat:6p7hjnvzrncgjlgspaflsle47m