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Reaction equilibrium for the dimethyl carbonate (DMC) synthesis from urea and methanol was calculated based on the Benson method, and results showed that the reaction was thermodynamically unfavorable. In addition, urea methanolysis was conformed to be a consecutive reaction. Major side reactions in the DMC synthesis included the thermal decomposition of DMC and reaction between methyl carbamate (MC) and DMC, which reduced the DMC yield in the batch process. A catalytic distillation techniquedoi:10.1021/ie061101u fatcat:ng4kfhjljje77m2ztextxino2e