Psychiatric Morbidity of Survivors One Year after the Outbreak of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome in Korea, 2015

Jiyoon Shin, Hye Yoon Park, Jeong Lan Kim, Jung Jae Lee, Haewoo Lee, So Hee Lee, Hyoung-Shik Shin
2019 Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association  
Objectives Patients with an infectious diseases during an outbreak can experience extreme fear and traumatic events in addition to suffering from their medical illness. This study examined the long-term impact of the outbreak of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) in Korea, 2015 on the mental health of the survivors. Methods Sixty-three survivors from MERS were recruited from a prospective cohort study at six hospitals one year after the outbreak in 2015. The Korean-Symptom Check List 95
more » ... om Check List 95 was administered to evaluate their psychiatric problems and analyzed according to the patient's characteristics and exposure to traumatic events during the outbreak. Results A total of 63.5% of survivors suffered from significant psychiatric problems: post-traumatic symptoms (36.5%), sleep problems (36.5%), anxiety (34.9%), and depression (30.2%). Survivors with a history of a ventilator treatment during the MERS epidemic, a family member who died from MERS, and a past psychiatric history showed higher post traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, depression, and suicidality than people who do not have those histories. Conclusion The study suggests that MERS survivors could have a high chance of adverse psychiatric consequences, even after their recovery from MERS. Exposure to traumatic events during the outbreak and premorbid individual vulnerability would affect the long-term mental health problems. J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc 2019;58 (3) :245-251 KEY WORDS Middle east respiratory syndrome · Emerging infectious diseases · Mental health · Posttraumatic stress disorder · Depression.
doi:10.4306/jknpa.2019.58.3.245 fatcat:qflztfj2t5co5a435eqvey5yiq