Strong-coupling effects in the relaxation dynamics of ultracold neutral plasmas

T Pohl, T Pattard
2005 Journal of Physics, Conference Series  
We describe a hybrid molecular dynamics approach for the description of ultracold neutral plasmas, based on an adiabatic treatment of the electron gas and a full molecular dynamics simulation of the ions, which allows us to follow the long-time evolution of the plasma including the effect of the strongly coupled ion motion. The plasma shows a rather complex relaxation behavior, connected with temporal as well as spatial oscillations of the ion temperature. Furthermore, additional laser cooling
more » ... onal laser cooling of the ions during the plasma evolution drastically modifies the expansion dynamics, so that crystallization of the ion component can occur in this nonequilibrium system, leading to lattice-like structures or even long-range order resulting in concentric shells.
doi:10.1088/1742-6596/11/1/022 fatcat:5zpty36zhravhbdphuswywozaq