Identification of Partial-Differential-Equations-Based Models from Noisy Data with Splines

Yujie Zhao, Xiaoming Huo, Yajun Mei
2024 Statistica sinica  
We propose a two-stage method called Spline Assisted Partial Differential Equation based Model Identification (SAPDEMI) to identify partial differential equation (PDE)-based models from noisy data. In the first stage, we employ the cubic splines to estimate unobservable derivatives. The underlying PDE is based on a subset of these derivatives. This stage is computationally efficient: its computational complexity is a product of a constant with the sample size; this is the lowest possible order
more » ... f computational complexity. In the second stage, we apply the Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator (Lasso) to identify the underlying PDE-based model. Statistical properties are developed, including the model identification accuracy. We validate our theory through various numerical examples and a real data case study. The case study is based on an National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) data set.
doi:10.5705/ss.202022.0061 fatcat:olkilpgjoze5jambqwpmd5oviy