Notes on Kilkenny Inns and Taverns

John G. A. Prim
1862 The Journal of the Kilkenny and South-East of Ireland Archaeological Society  
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more » ... ntent at http://about.jstor.org/participate--jstor/individuals/early-journal--content. JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not--for--profit organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. conventual funds; and it was not till after the suppression of monas tic institutions that there began to be felt the want of inns , wherein a stranger might " take his ease' whilst sojourning in an Irish coun try town. Such a result was, indeed, foreseen at the time of the suppression of the abbeys; for on the 21st May, 1538, a recommen dation was made to the Kings chief minister, Cromwell, by Lord Deputy Gray, and the Privy Council of Ireland, that some monas teries, specified by name, should be suffered still to exist in this country, a principal reason adduced being?" For in thois housez commenly, and other suche like, in defaute of comen innes which are not in this land, the Kinges Deputie and all other His Gracees Counsaill and officers, also Irishmen and others resorting to the Kinges Deputie in ther quarters, is and hath bene moste comenlie loged at the costes of the said housez."1 Of course, that, at the period when the abbeys did duty as the inns for travellers, there were ta verns in which the natives of the town and stranger visitants were equally free to regale themselves, there can be no doubt; and the ancient records of the Corporation of Kilkenny contain frequent entries of the regulations which the municipal authorities framed, from time to time, for controlling the prices to be charged for the strong drinks which were retailed at such establishments. Amongst the earliest of these, set out in the " Liber Primus Kilkennise," are certain " ordinances made by John Eynow, Sovereign of Kilkenny and the Commons of the same, A. D. 1319," wherein the Assize of ale declares, that? " When the quarter of barley sells for 2s., then four gallons of ale are at a 1 d.; when at 2s. 6d., then seven gallons for 2d.; when at 3s., then three gallons for Id.; when at 4s., then two gallons for Id.; and so let it increase and diminish at the rate of 6d. But if alewwives [braciatores] sell contrary to the assize of ale, let them be amerced, or suffer the judg ment of the tumberell."
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