Assessment of the Roles of Mitogen-activated Protein Kinase, Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase, Protein Kinase B, and Protein Kinase C in Insulin Inhibition of cAMP-induced Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase Gene Transcription

Joyce M. Agati, David Yeagley, Patrick G. Quinn
1998 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
Transcription of the phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) gene is induced by glucagon, acting through cAMP and protein kinase A, and this induction is inhibited by insulin. Conflicting reports have suggested that insulin inhibits induction by cAMP by activating the Ras/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway or by activating the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-kinase), but not MAPK, pathway. Insulin activated PI3-kinase phosphorylates lipids that activate protein kinase B (PKB)
more » ... nd Ca 2؉ /diacylglycerol-insensitive forms of protein kinase C (PKC). We have assessed the roles of these pathways in insulin inhibition of cAMP/PKA-induced transcription of PEPCK by using dominant negative and dominant active forms of regulatory enzymes in the Ras/MAPK and PKB pathways and chemical inhibitors of PKC isoforms. Three independently acting inhibitory enzymes of the Ras/MAPK pathway, blocking SOS, Ras, and MAPK, had no effect upon insulin inhibition. However, dominant active Ras prevented induction of PEPCK and also stimulated transcription mediated by Elk, a MAPK target. Insulin did not stimulate Elk-mediated transcription, indicating that insulin did not functionally activate the Ras/MAPK pathway. Inhibitors of PI3-kinase, LY294002 and wortmannin, abolished insulin inhibition of PEPCK gene transcription. However, inhibitors of PKC and mutated forms of PKB, both of which are known downstream targets of PI3-kinase, had no effect upon insulin inhibition. Dominant negative forms of PKB did not interfere with insulin inhibition and a dominant active form of PKB did not prevent induction by PKA. Phorbol ester-mediated inhibition of PEPCK transcription was blocked by bisindole maleimide and by staurosporine, but insulin-mediated inhibition was unaffected. Thus, insulin inhibition of PKA-induced PEPCK expression does not require MAPK activation but does require activation of PI3-kinase, although this signal is not transmitted through the PKB or PKC pathways.
doi:10.1074/jbc.273.30.18751 pmid:9668048 fatcat:n3x3wnsmrbhsph3zj2fpkldtp4