AN OPERATION FOR SPINA BIFIDA, WITH REPORT OF A SUCCESSFUL CASE

LEONARD FREEMAN
1902 Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)  
It is now used to a greater extent than ever before. Those best versed in its use should define certain rules of practice, and these should be sufficiently plain for a novice to follow. The rule that I would lay down is: The tubes should be clean; if metal, they should be regilded; if rubber, a new one should be provided for each case; if the tubes are smooth, clean and correctly applied, the greatest part of the operation is attained, and that is, a clean, smooth surface, undefiled, which can
more » ... defiled, which can remain in the larynx a week, or even two, and do no harm.
doi:10.1001/jama.1902.62480120013001b fatcat:u7puqzd4j5b2bjx6x2cj47tkj4