Correlation of vaginal pH with FSH levels in menopause

Dr. Khushpreet Kaur, Dr. Satinder Pal Kaur, Dr. Parneet Kaur, Dr. Gurdeep Kaur Bedi, Dr. Harnavneet Kaur, Dr. Avneet Kaur
2019 International Journal of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology  
Menopause is the physiological cessation of menstruation that denotes a normal human developmental phase in the life of woman. Menopause is suspected with age, cessation of menstruation for more than a year and presence of symptoms. The diagnosis of menopause is confirmed by follicle stimulating hormore (FSH) levels >40 IU/L. Few studies have focused on vaginal pH for menopausal diagnosis. It is a simple, noninvasive and inexpensive method for this purpose. Aims & Objectives: To correlate
more » ... To correlate vaginal pH with FSH level as marker of menopause. Material and Method: 200 menopausal women attending OPD of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Government Medical College and Rajindra Hospital, Patiala ware selected randomly. Vaginal pH measurement was done using pH strips. A simultaneous blood sample was taken for FSH level measurement which was done using immuno enzymometric assay. Vaginal pH and FSH levels were correlated as markers of menopause. Results: According to our study, mean age of attaining menopause came out to be 47.42+3.64 years. Mean vaginal pH in our study was 6.13±0.59 and mean FSH level were 55.73+12.89 IU/L. As FSH levels ≥40IU/L is taken as diagnostic cut off value for menopausal status thus, we concluded that a vaginal pH of ≥6.00 can be taken as marker for menopausal status in the absence of any vaginal infection. The sensitivity of pH ≥6.00 as marker of menopause came out to be 88% Conclusion: Vaginal pH is simple accurate and cost-effective tool that can be suggested as a suitable and better alternative to serum FSH estimation for diagnosis of menopause.
doi:10.33545/gynae.2019.v3.i4b.300 fatcat:bpxipnksanhibn4u3jhuvhqtem