New approaches to genetic manipulation of mice: tissue-specific expression of ACE

Justin M. Cole, Hong Xiao, Jonathan W. Adams, Kevin M. Disher, Hui Zhao, Kenneth E. Bernstein
2003 AJP - Renal Physiology  
New approaches to genetic manipulation of mice: tissue-specific expression of ACE. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 284: F599-F607, 2003; 10.1152/ajprenal.00308. 2002.-The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays a central role in body physiology, controlling blood pressure and blood electrolyte composition. ACE.1 (null) mice are null for all expression of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). These mice have low blood pressure, the inability to concentrate urine, and a maldevelopment of the kidney. In
more » ... trast, ACE.2 (tissue null) mice produce one-third normal plasma ACE but no tissue ACE. They also have low blood pressure and cannot concentrate urine, but they have normal indices of renal function. These mice, while very informative, show that the null approach to creating knockout mice has intrinsic limitations given the many different physiological systems that no longer operate in an animal without a functioning RAS. To investigate the fine control of body physiology by the RAS, we developed a novel promoter swapping approach to generate a more selective tissue knockout of ACE expression. We used this to create ACE.3 (liver ACE) mice that selectively express ACE in the liver but lack all ACE within the vasculature. Evaluation of these mice shows that endothelial expression of ACE is not required for blood pressure control or normal renal function. Targeted homologous recombination has the power to create new strains of mice expressing the RAS in selected subsets of tissues. Not only will these new genetic models be useful for studying blood pressure regulation but also they show great promise for the investigation of the function of the RAS in complicated disease models. angiotensin-converting enzyme; blood pressure; angiotensin II; liver; renin-angiotensin system
doi:10.1152/ajprenal.00308.2002 pmid:12620918 fatcat:572o5fu4o5foxb67mhd2ygrdfq