Effect of root surface charge on the absorption and accumulation of Cu(II) by different japonica and indica rice varieties under acidic conditions

Md Romel Biswash, Hai-long Lu, Ge Dong, Xian He, Jiu-yu Li, Ren-kou Xu
2021 Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety  
on plants. In this study, 58 rice cultivars were classified into tolerant, moderately tolerant, and susceptible types for Cu(II) toxicity based on 50% germination (LC 50 ). Nine japonica rice varieties (three each from the tolerant, moderately tolerant, and susceptible groups) and six indica rice varieties (three from the moderately tolerant and susceptible groups) were selected for the hydroponics experiments. In the short-term adsorption experiment, Cu(II) adsorbed on rice roots was
more » ... ated into exchangeable, complexed, and precipitated forms. Similarly, it was done for long-term culture. Absorption of Cu(II) by rice roots and shoots was also measured. The results indicated that adsorbed Cu(II) mainly existed as complexed and exchangeable forms on rice roots in the short-term adsorption experiment, and the exchangeable and complexed Cu(II) levels were greater for indica rice than for japonica rice due to the larger negative charge on the indica rice roots. The adsorbed Cu(II) mainly existed as a complexed form in the long-term culture experiment, and the exchangeable Cu(II) level was much lower than that in the short-term adsorption experiment due to the absorption of Cu(II) by rice plants. The indica varieties absorbed more Cu(II) than the japonica varieties. Furthermore, the absorption and accumulation of Cu(II) by the susceptible varieties were greater than by the tolerant and moderately tolerant varieties for both the japonica and indica rice. The absorption and accumulation of Cu(II) in rice roots were much greater than in the shoots. Chlorophyll content, and the lengths and dry matter weights of the rice roots and shoots decreased with increasing Cu(II) concentration. The Cu(II) showed greater toxicity toward indica varieties than japonica varieties, and the greater negative charge on indica roots was one of reasons for the greater exchangeable Cu(II) on the roots, the increase in Cu(II) toxicity, and the higher uptake of Cu(II) by indica rice varieties compared to japonica rice varieties.
doi:10.1016/j.ecoenv.2021.112547 fatcat:gzztdqtrujafxj6si7x4x5xvxq