Protocols for Relay-Assisted Free-Space Optical Systems [article]

Nestor D. Chatzidiamantis, Diomidis S. Michalopoulos, Emmanouil E. Kriezis, George K. Karagiannidis, Robert Schober
2011 arXiv   pre-print
We investigate transmission protocols for relay-assisted free-space optical (FSO) systems, when multiple parallel relays are employed and there is no direct link between the source and the destination. As alternatives to all-active FSO relaying, where all the available relays transmit concurrently, we propose schemes that select only a single relay to participate in the communication between the source and the destination in each transmission slot. This selection is based on the channel state
more » ... formation (CSI) obtained either from all or from some of the FSO links. Thus, the need for synchronizing the relays' transmissions is avoided and the slowly varying nature of the atmospheric channel is exploited. For both relay selection and all-active relaying, novel closed-form expressions for their outage performance are derived, assuming the versatile Gamma-Gamma channel model. Furthermore, based on the derived analytical results, the problem of allocating the optical power resources to the FSO links is addressed, and optimum and suboptimum solutions are proposed. Numerical results are provided for equal and non-equal length FSO links, which illustrate the outage behavior of the considered relaying protocols and demonstrate the significant performance gains offered by the proposed power allocation schemes.
arXiv:1105.3835v1 fatcat:u57o3sepurcgjjayf2p4dpow6q