The Immune Response ofAcanthaster plancito Oxbile Injections and Antibiotic Treatment

Alexandra Grand, Morgan Pratchett, Jairo Rivera-Posada
2014 Journal of Marine Biology  
Bile salts have been recently identified as a rapid and effective method for killingA. planci. However the mechanistic basis of this new control method is poorly understood. This study explored the immune response(s) ofA. planciand/or pathogenesis resulting from the injection of bile salts. To account for the possible role of pathogenesis in causing high rates of mortality,A. planciwas treated with antibiotics to minimise the incidence and severity of bacterial infections. No significant
more » ... nce in the time to death between groups with and without antibiotic treatment was reported, suggesting a limited bacterial effect on the induction of disease and death of injected sea stars. The number of circulating coelomocytes increased significantly after injection confirming the induction of a strong immune response. Five types of circulating cells were identified: (1) phagocytes, (2) small hyaline cells, (3) colourless spherule cells, (4) red spherule cells, and (5) fusiform cells. Histological analysis ofA. plancitissues showed that the mechanism leading to rapid mortality is related to necrosis and/or apoptosis, rather than transmissible disease. Therefore, bile salts are an effective and safe method for killing crown-of-thorns sea starin situ.
doi:10.1155/2014/769356 fatcat:qrzktoety5gfbpxpn7kajrtdna