Genome-wide Identification and Transcriptional Characterization of Dna Methyltransferases Conferring Temperature-sensitive Male Sterility in Wheat [post]

Dan Li, Bian-e Feng, Yong-Jie Liu, Jie Gong, Yi-Miao Tang, Li-Ping Zhang, Bin-Shuang Pang, Ren-Wei Sun, Feng-Ting Zhang, Zhao-Bo Chen, Yong-Bo Wang, Xian-Chao Chen (+3 others)
2020 unpublished
Background: DNA methyltransferase (DMT) genes contribute to plant stress responses and development by de novo establishment and subsequent maintenance of DNA methylation during replication. The photoperiod or/and temperature-sensitive genic male sterile (P/TGMS) lines play an important role in hybrid seed production of wheat. However, only few studies have been reported about the effect of the DMT genes on temperature-sensitive male sterility of wheat. Although DMT genes have been researched in
more » ... some plant species, the identification and analysis of DMT genes in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) based on genome-wide levels has not been reported.Results: In this study, a detailed overview of phylogeny of 52 wheat DMT (TaDMT) genes was presented. Homoeolog retention for TaDMT genes was significantly above the average retention rate for whole-wheat genes, indicating the functional importance of many DMT homoeologs. We found that the strikingly high number of TaDMT genes mainly resulted from the significant expansion of TaDRM subfamily. Intriguingly, all 5 paralogs belonged to the wheat DRM subfamily and we speculated tandem duplications might play a crucial role in the TaDRM subfamily expansion. Through the transcriptional analysis of TaDMT genes in a TGMS line BS366 and its hybrids and its hybrids with other six fertile lines under sterile and fertile conditions, we concluded that TaCMT-D2, TaMET1-B1, and TaDRM-U6 might be involved in male sterility in BS366. Furthermore, a correlation analysis showed that TaMET1-B1 might negatively regulate the expression of TaRAFTIN1A, an important gene for pollen development, so we speculated an epigenetic regulatory mechanism underling the male sterility of BS366 by the interaction between TaMET1-B1 and TaRAFTIN1A.Conclusions: Our findings presented a detailed phylogenic overview of the DMT genes and could provide novel insights into the effects of the DMT genes on TGMS wheat.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:sch5qd4qlza4jepixosfblz7au