Prevalence of Kinesiophobia in Patients with Osteoarthritis Knee: A Cross Sectional Study

Subha Pragathi Kanniappan, BPT (Intern), Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam College of Physiotherapy, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences, Loni, Maharashtra 413736, India., Vishnu Vardhan G.D, Associate Professor & HOD, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam College of Physiotherapy, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences, Loni, Maharashtra 413736, India.
2021 International Journal of Physiotherapy and Research  
Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the commonest forms of joint disease, and the knee is one of the most commonly affected joints. OA is clinically associated with pain, joint stiffness, joint deformity and swelling. Kinesiophobia is a condition in which a patient has an excessive, irritational, and debilitating fear of physical movement and activity resulting from a feeling of vulnerability to painful injury or reinjury. This study addresses the influence of biological (eg: X-ray changes) as well
more » ... severity of pain, kinesiophobia in individual physical functioning. The purpose of the study aims to know the prevalence of kinesiophobia in patients with OA knee. Methodology: A simple random sampling of 30 patients with diagnosed OA knee who visited Pravara Rural hospital (Loni) was included. The patients included were between the age group of 40 - 80 years and were screened according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. The data collection includes the application of scales (Tampa scale of Kinesiophobia-11) which includes 11 items, WOMAC (3 components), VAS to all the 30 subjects and was taken by the principal investigator. The total scores of each scale were analyzed mean and standard deviation were taken. Pearson correlation test was performed to know the correlation between each component. Result: Pearson correlation test was performed which showed a positive correlation between all the four variables i.e. stage of OA, VAS, TSK 11, WOMAC with r= 0.0312. Conclusion: The present study concluded that as there is progression in level or stage of OA there is increase in severity of pain which leads to further increase in level of kinesiophobia in individuals with OA of knee. This all components furthers leads to decrease in physical functioning in individuals with OA knee. KEY WORDS: Osteoarthritis, knee, Kinesiophobia, TSK11, WOMAC, VAS.
doi:10.16965/ijpr.2021.141 fatcat:x3w2e3yvj5cwxct5sdd7ylgdbm