Nucleation of Superconducting Pairing States at Mesoscopic Scales at Zero Temperature
Physical Review Letters
We find the spin polarized disordered Fermi liquids are unstable to the nucleation of superconducting pairing states at mesoscopic scales even when magnetic fields which polarize the spins are substantially higher than the critical one. We study the probability of finding superconducting pairing states at mesoscopic scales in this limit. We find that the distribution function depends only on the film conductance. The typical length scale at which pairing takes place is universal, and decreases
... hen the magnetic field is increased. The number density of these states determines the strength of the random exchange interactions between mesoscopic pairing states.