A bimodular PKS platform that expands the biological design space [article]

Amin Zargar, Luis Valencia, Jessica Wang, Samantha Chang, Miranda Werts, Andrew Wong, Veronic Benites, Edward Baidoo, Leonard Katz, Jay D Keasling
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
Traditionally engineered to produce novel bioactive molecules, Type I modular polyketide synthases (PKSs) could be engineered as a new biosynthetic platform for the production of de novo fuels, commodity chemicals, and specialty chemicals. Previously, our investigations manipulated the first module of the lipomycin PKS to produce short chain ketones, 3-hydroxy acids, and saturated, branched carboxylic acids. Building upon this work, we have expanded to multi-modular systems by engineering the
more » ... rst two modules of lipomycin to generate unnatural polyketides as potential biofuels and specialty chemicals in Streptomyces albus. First, we produce 20.6 mg/L of the ethyl ketone, 4,6 dimethylheptanone through a reductive loop exchange in LipPKS1 and a ketoreductase knockouts in LipPKS2. We then show that an AT swap in LipPKS1 and a reductive loop exchange in LipPKS2 can produce the potential fragrance 3-isopropyl-6-methyltetrahydropyranone. Highlighting the challenge of maintaining product fidelity, in both bimodular systems we observed side products from premature hydrolysis in the engineered first module and stalled dehydration in reductive loop exchanges. Collectively, our work expands the biological design space and moves the field closer to the production of designer biomolecules.
doi:10.1101/2020.05.14.096743 fatcat:ebm5zhco4rgotp4taclpfwnwje