MILITARY ECONOMY OF THE AEROSPACE COMPLEX OF UKRAINE AS AN OBJECT OF INSTITUTIONAL TRANSFORMATIONS
ВІЙСЬКОВА ЕКОНОМІКА АВІАЦІЙНО-КОСМІЧНОГО КОМПЛЕКСУ УКРАЇНИ ЯК ОБ'ЄКТ ІНСТИТУЦІОНАЛЬНИХ ТРАНСФОРМАЦІЙ

Serhii Smerichevskyi, National Aviation University, Oleksii Mykhalchenko, National Aviation University
2022 PROBLEMS OF SYSTEMIC APPROACH IN THE ECONOMY  
The article defines the military economy from the standpoint of a broad approach as an institutional environment for the functioning of the national economy in martial law, as well as in the narrow sense as areas of specific economic relations that ensure national military security, organization and implementation of military construction, training of military and security structures. to the defense and armed defense of the state. It is shown that the military economy and the civilian economy
more » ... e subsystems of the national economy, which intersect in terms of dual-use output. The aerospace complex is defined as a subsystem of the national economy and a common set of civil and military economies, which includes the air transport complex and the aerospace complex. The general and special effects of their activity, as well as the peculiarities of the products of the production segment of the aerospace complex are determined. The main directions of development of the industrial aerospace complex are substantiated. The significant strategic influence of aerospace technologies on the achievement of Ukraine's military security is shown. The state and prospects of the aerospace complex in the institutional transformation of the military economy are systematized. It is proved that the military sector of aircraft construction should become the driving force of development of the whole military-defense complex due to mass production of new generation equipment. Ways of system technological updating of military aviation and air defense for strengthening of Ukraine's defense capability are substantiated. The strengths and weaknesses of the domestic aerospace complex have been identified, as well as measures to strengthen its competitiveness have been proposed: strengthening cooperation with other countries in the field of defense industry; licensed production of weapons and military equipment; their purchase or leasing from foreign suppliers; technology transfer; public-private partnership mechanisms; growth of the share of private and foreign financial resources in the implementation of aerospace projects.
doi:10.32782/2520-2200/2022-1-4 fatcat:wwumazz7ybahxbssksegkbfuim