Stable Isotopic Characterization of Nitrate Wet Deposition in the Tropical Urban Atmosphere of Costa Rica [post]

Mario Villalobos-Forbes, Germain Esquivel-Herna, Ricardo Sánchez-Murillo, Rolando Sánchez-Gutiérrez, Ioannis Matiatos
2021 unpublished
Increasing energy consumption and food production worldwide results in anthropogenic emissions of reactive nitrogen into the atmosphere. To date, however, little information is available on tropical urban environments where inorganic nitrogen is vastly transported and deposited through precipitation on terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. To fill this gap, we present compositions of water stable isotopes in precipitation and atmospheric nitrate (δ18O-H2O, δ2H-H2O, δ15N-NO3-, and δ18O-NO3-)
more » ... nd δ18O-NO3-) collected daily between August 2018 and November 2019 in a tropical urban atmosphere of central Costa Rica. Rainfall generation processes (convective and stratiform) were identified using stable isotopes in precipitation combined with air mass back trajectory analysis. A Bayesian isotope mixing model forced with δ15N-NO3- values corrected for potential 15N fractionation effects reveal the predominant contribution of biomass burning and lightning to nitrate wet deposition. δ18O-NO3- values in Caribbean convective rainfall reflect the oxidation chemistry of NOx sources whereas δ15N-NO3- values in Pacific stratiform rainfall indicate the transport of nitrogen sources contributing to nitrate in atmospheric deposition. These findings provide necessary baseline information about the combination of water and nitrogen stable isotopes with atmospheric chemistry and hydrometeorological techniques to better understand wet deposition processes and to characterize the origin of inorganic nitrogen loadings in tropical regions.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:rrjy3v2rp5ckrbwzurou7bhzta