Study of Various Photomultiplier Tubes for Window Events: Upgrade R&D for CMS Hadron Forward Calorimeters

Burak Bilki
2011 Journal of Physics, Conference Series  
The PMTs of the CMS Hadron Forward calorimeter were found to generate a large amount of signal when their windows were traversed by energetic charged particles. This signal, which is due tȏ Cerenkov light production at the PMT window, could interfere with the calorimeter signal and mislead the measurements. In order to find a viable solution to this problem, the response of different types of PMTs to muons traversing their windows at different orientations is measured at the H2 beam-line at
more » ... H2 beam-line at CERN. Certain kinds of PMTs with thinner windows show significantly lower response to direct muon incidence. For one specific type -the four anode PMT-a simple and powerful algorithm to identify such events and recover the PMT signal using the signals of the quadrants without window hits is also presented. For the measurement of PMT responses toCerenkov light, the Hadron Forward calorimeter signal was mimicked by two different setups in electron beams and the PMT performances were compared with each other. Superior performance of particular PMTs was observed. The timing structure of such events is also investigated. Abstract. The PMTs of the CMS Hadron Forward calorimeters were found to generate a large amount of signal when their windows were traversed by energetic charged particles. This signal, which is due toCerenkov light production at the PMT window, could interfere with the calorimeter signal and mislead the measurements. In order to find a viable solution to this problem, the response of different types of PMTs to muons traversing their windows at different orientations is measured at the H2 beam-line at CERN. Certain kinds of PMTs with thinner windows show significantly lower response to direct muon incidence. For one specific typethe four anode PMT-a simple and powerful algorithm to identify such events and recover the PMT signal using the signals of the quadrants without window hits is also presented. For the measurement of PMT responses toCerenkov light, the Hadron Forward calorimeter signal was mimicked by two different setups in electron beams and the PMT performances were compared with each other. Superior performance of particular PMTs was observed.
doi:10.1088/1742-6596/293/1/012011 fatcat:lfunblrsrrajtou2n5ztu45lmi