On the Recovery of Terrestrial Wireless Network using Cognitive UAVs in the Disaster Area

Najam Ul Hasan, Prajoona Valsalan, Umer Farooq, Imran Baig
2020 International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications  
Natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods and fires may cause the existing wireless network infrastructure to collapse, leaving behind several disconnected network parts. UAVs could help to establish communication between these disconnected parts using their ability to hover and fly across the affected region. However, UAV deployment faces several problems, including how many UAVs would be sufficient and where they could be placed. Such problems can be addressed centrally in a situation
more » ... in a situation with verified information about the segmented network, such as the number of disconnected parts, the number of nodes in each part and the location of each node. However, a damaged network with unknown information (which is mostly the case) requires a distributed networking establishment mechanism. Therefore, this paper proposes an algorithm to restore connectivity among the disconnected parts of the damaged network. Cognitive radiobased UAVs (CR-UAVs) fly into the affected area and try to connect the various parts of the damaged network using the proposed algorithm. The main objective of the proposed algorithm is to connect the different disconnected parts of the broken network with the fewest possible UAVs in the least possible time. The results of the MATLAB simulation illustrate the significance of the proposed algorithm in terms of the number of UAVs used and the total distance they fly.
doi:10.14569/ijacsa.2020.01104106 fatcat:gqcrejm4yvhchfype5ikrwvj7i