The biologically functional identification of a novel TIM3-binding peptide P26 in vitro and in vivo

Tangwu Zhong, Chuanke Zhao, Shuntao Wang, Deshuang Tao, Shuxia Ma, Chengchao Shou
2020 Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology  
Purpose Recent studies have shown that TIM3 plays an important role in T-cell failure, which is closely related to the resistance to anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) treatment. However, there have been no reports on the application of peptide blockers to TIM3. In this study, we endeavored to identify the in vitro and in vivo anti-tumor activities of a TIM3-targeting peptide screened from the phage peptide library. Methods Phage display peptide library technology, surface plasmon
more » ... ance, flow cytometry, and mixed lymphocyte reaction were utilized to screen and demonstrate the bioactivities of P26, a TIM3-targeting peptide. Meanwhile, tumor growth assay was performed to evaluate the anti-tumor effect of P26. Results In terms of affinity, we demonstrated that P26 specifically binds to TIM3 at the cellular and molecular levels, which therefore blocks the interaction between TIM3 and Galectin-9 (Gal-9) and competes with Gal-9 to bind TIM3. Additionally, P26 significantly increases T-cell activity and elevates IFN-γ and IL-2 levels in a dose-dependent manner. Notably, P26 also counteracts Gal-9-mediated T-cell suppression. More importantly, P26 can inhibit growth of MC38-hPD-L1 tumor in mice. Conclusions P26, as a novel TIM3-binding peptide, has the ideal bioactivity connecting to TIM3 and the potential prospect of application in immunotherapy as an alternative or adjuvant to existing agents.
doi:10.1007/s00280-020-04167-0 pmid:33084973 fatcat:5moyd6umorg73cr5b5wbvxljcm