Grip-Aware Analog mmWave Beam Codebook Adaptation for 5G Mobile Handsets [article]

Ahmad AlAmmouri, Jianhua Mo, Boon Loong Ng, Jianzhong Charlie Zhang, Jeffrey G. Andrews
2019 arXiv   pre-print
This paper studies the effect of the user hand grip on the design of beamforming codebooks for 5G millimeter-wave (mmWave) mobile handsets. The high-frequency structure simulator (HFSS) is used to characterize the radiation fields for fourteen possible handgrip profiles based on experiments we conducted. The loss from hand blockage on the antenna gains can be up to 20-25 dB, which implies that the possible hand grip profiles need to be taken into account while designing beam codebooks.
more » ... lly, we consider three different codebook adaption schemes: a grip-aware scheme, where perfect knowledge of the hand grip is available; a semi-aware scheme, where just the application (voice call, messaging, etc.) and the orientation of the mobile handset is known; and a grip-agnostic scheme, where the codebook ignores hand blockage. Our results show that the ideal grip-aware scheme can provide more than 50% gain in terms of the spherical coverage over the agnostic scheme, depending on the grip and orientation. Encouragingly, the more practical semi-aware scheme we propose provides performance approaching the fully grip-aware scheme. Overall, we demonstrate that 5G mmWave handsets are different from pre-5G handsets: the user grip needs to be explicitly factored into the codebook design.
arXiv:1908.00850v1 fatcat:bgfsx324hna2dc62o7xsgby2hy