Ablation of Cardiac Myosin-Binding Protein-C Accelerates Stretch Activation in Murine Skinned Myocardium

J. E. Stelzer
2006 Circulation Research  
Cardiac myosin binding protein-C (cMyBP-C) is a thick filament accessory protein that binds tightly to myosin, but despite evidence that mutations in the cMyBP-C gene comprise a frequent cause of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, relatively little is known about the role(s) of cMyBP-C in myocardium. Based on earlier studies demonstrating the potential importance of stretch activation in cardiac contraction, we examined the effects of cMyBP-C on the stretch activation responses of skinned ventricular
more » ... skinned ventricular preparations from wild-type (WT) and homozygous cMyBP-C knockout mice (cMyBP-C Ϫ/Ϫ ) previously developed in our laboratory. Sudden stretch of skinned myocardium during maximal or submaximal Ca 2ϩ activations resulted in an instantaneous increase in force that quickly decayed to a minimum and was followed by a delayed redevelopment of force (ie, stretch activation) to levels greater than prestretch force. Ablation of cMyBP-C dramatically altered the stretch activation response, ie, the rates of force decay and delayed force transient were accelerated compared with WT myocardium. These results suggest that cMyBP-C normally constrains the spatial position of myosin cross-bridges, which, in turn, limits both the rate and extent of interaction of cross-bridges with actin. We propose that ablation of cMyBP-C removes this constraint, increases the likelihood of cross-bridge binding to actin, and speeds the rate of delayed force development following stretch. Regardless of the specific mechanism, acceleration of cross-bridge cycling in cMyBP-C Ϫ/Ϫ myocardium could account for the abbreviation of systolic ejection in this mouse as a direct consequence of premature stretch activation of ventricular myocardium. (Circ Res. 2006;98:1212-1218.)
doi:10.1161/01.res.0000219863.94390.ce pmid:16574907 fatcat:2evyotkjbbgp7nvuhdewcvkusi