VEGETATIVE DEVELOPMENT AND GROWING DEGREE-DAYS OF TROPICAL AND WINTER FORAGES

Arthur C. Sanches, Débora P. de Souza, Fernanda L. F. de Jesus, Fernando C. Mendonça, Eder P. Gomes
2019 Engenharia Agrícola  
One of the limitations to producing irrigated forages is setting suitable biometric parameters to establish the entrance of animals to grazing areas. Such parameters can be measured or even estimated. Estimates are advantageous for being practical and able to be used for grazing optimization. This study aimed to evaluate the correlation among growing degree-days (GDD), canopy height (CH), leaf area index (LAI), and number of cycle days (NCD) of Guinea grass (Panicum maximum cv. Mombaça) and
more » ... v. Mombaça) and Bermuda grass (Cynodon spp. Tifton 85) single cropped for one year and overseeded with black oat and ryegrass in the autumn-winter season. The study was carried out from February 2016 to February 2017, and forage crops were sprinkle irrigated. LAI and CH were measured twice a week, at intervals of 3 and 4 days. These parameters were correlated to GDD accumulation at each cutting cycle (CC). All the correlations showed high coefficients in linear fits. For spring-summer cycles, Guinea grass in exclusive cultivation showed the highest averages for CH and LAI, being 102.3 cm and 5.93, respectively. For autumnwinter cycles, when this grass was overseeded, it showed an LAI value similar to that when single cropped, which was of about 5.6. Yet single Bermuda grass presented lower values of LAI (one unit lower) and CH (16.4 cm lower) in the autumn-winter season when compared to that overseeded. The spring-summer cycles of Guinea grass had a duration of 24 days, after which no increase in leaf production was registered.
doi:10.1590/1809-4430-eng.agric.v39n2p191-197/2019 fatcat:6tkb35pdsnftxm3cyk4o5j5nsi