GNSS Transpolar Earth Reflectometry exploriNg System (G-TERN): Mission Concept

Estel Cardellach, Jens Wickert, Rens Baggen, Javier Benito, Adriano Camps, Nuno Catarino, Bertrand Chapron, Andreas Dielacher, Fran Fabra, Greg Flato, Heinrich Fragner, Carolina Gabarro (+24 others)
2018 IEEE Access  
The global navigation satellite system (GNSS) Transpolar Earth Reflectometry exploriNg system (G-TERN) was proposed in response to ESA's Earth Explorer 9 revised call by a team of 33 multi-disciplinary scientists. The primary objective of the mission is to quantify at high spatio-temporal resolution crucial characteristics, processes and interactions between sea ice, and other Earth system components in order to advance the understanding and prediction of climate change and its impacts on the
more » ... vironment and society. The objective is articulated through three key questions. 1) In a rapidly changing Arctic regime and under the resilient Antarctic sea ice trend, how will highly dynamic forcings and couplings between the various components of the ocean, atmosphere, and cryosphere modify or influence the processes governing the characteristics of the sea ice cover (ice production, growth, deformation, and melt)? 2) What are the impacts of extreme events and feedback mechanisms on sea ice evolution? 3) What are the effects of the cryosphere behaviors, either rapidly changing or resiliently stable, on the global oceanic and atmospheric circulation and mid-latitude extreme events? To contribute answering these questions, G-TERN will measure key parameters of the sea ice, the oceans, and the atmosphere with frequent and dense coverage over polar areas, becoming a "dynamic mapper" of the 13980 2169-3536
doi:10.1109/access.2018.2814072 fatcat:mkvkjscl7rc37fk4pjmkz4ucb4