Image-based Evaluation of Patient Specific Instrument Attachment in TKA

Syoji Kobashi, Akihiko Toda, Nao Shibanuma, Yutaka Hata
2013 Procedia Computer Science  
Patient specific instruments (PSI) system has been attracting considerable attention for navigation-free surgical operation of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). PSI is a jig which guides a cutting section of the femoral or the tibia bones where TKA implant is attached to ensure accurate and reproducible surgery, and is prepared for a specific patient. However, another problem has been raised because the attachment of PSI will cause errors of TKA guidance. This paper proposes a novel system to
more » ... ovel system to evaluate the accuracy of attaching PSI during TKA operation using cone-beam CT. The system acquires 3-D sectional images of PSI attached to knee, and evaluates the attachment accuracy by means of image registration techniques with computer-aided design (CAD). It calculates the position and the angle of guidance pin, and compares with the preoperative planning. The system has been applied to three subjects which had been operated TKA with PSI. The results produced 3-D renderings of the attached PSI and of the planned PSI, and calculated angle differences between the attached and the planned guidance pin. By using them, we can evaluate the attachment accuracy of PSI, and also evaluate the implanting accuracy of TKA.
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2013.09.182 fatcat:d2eomw7m5vaubcpjpppyzunoee