Nursing Science [chapter]

Mark Risjord
<span title="">2011</span> <i title="Elsevier"> Philosophy of Medicine </i> &nbsp;
Draft Copy --Please do not cite without permission Philosophical Issues in Nursing Science The field of nursing science encompasses the full range of phenomena encountered by nurses. Practicing nurses must manage health issues that focus not only on the patient, but those that focus on the family and broader society. Nurses also have a primary role in patient and family health education. Research into these issues has contributed to our understanding of the emotional response to painful
more &raquo; ... aggression and agitation in Alzheimer's patients, urinary incontinence in women, and domestic violence. This research has led to widely used innovations in patient care, such as talking through a painful procedure to reduce distress or the elimination of patient restraints in dementia care. In addition to investigating these issues, nurses have examined themselves, looking at nurse experiences, nurse-patient relationships, and nursing administration. Nursing research thus integrates the biological, psychological, and social levels of scientific inquiry, and nurse scholars have had significant, wide-ranging influence on health care and the health sciences. 1 Research by, for, and about nurses is a late twentieth century phenomenon, and as they were creating a new field, nurse scholars encountered important philosophical issues. Does nursing science need a distinct kind of theory or a characteristic methodology? If it is to be an independent domain of research, does it need a unique object of study? What is the relationship 1 For an overview of nursing contributions to the health sciences, see Donaldson [2000].
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