Climatic response to anthropogenic sulphate aerosols versus well-mixed greenhouse gases from 1850 to 2000 AD in CLIMBER-2

Eva Bauer, Vladimir Petoukhov, Andrey Ganopolski, Alexey V. Eliseev
2008 Tellus: Series B, Chemical and Physical Meteorology  
A B S T R A C T The Earth system model CLIMBER-2 is extended by a scheme for calculating the climatic response to anthropogenic sulphur dioxide emissions. The scheme calculates the direct radiative forcing, the first indirect cloud albedo effect, and the second indirect cloud lifetime effect induced by geographically resolved sulphate aerosol burden. The simulated anthropogenic sulphate aerosol burden in the year 2000 amounts to 0.47 TgS. The best guesses for the radiative forcing due to the
more » ... ect effect are −0.4 W m −2 and for the decrease in short-wave radiation due to all aerosol effects −0.8 W m −2 . The simulated global warming by 1 K from 1850 to 2000 caused by anthropogenic greenhouse gases reduces to 0.6 K when the sulphate aerosol effects are included. The model's hydrological sensitivity of 4%/K is decreased by the second indirect effect to 0.8%/K. The quality of the geographically distributed climatic response to the historic emissions of sulphur dioxide and greenhouse gases makes the extended model relevant to computational efficient investigations of future climate change scenarios.
doi:10.3402/tellusb.v60i1.16899 fatcat:cyeewfm5ybb5hl7e2apro3crla