A New Statistic [book]

Philip N. Jefferson
2012 Oxford Handbooks Online  
and Keywords In 2011, the U.S. Census Bureau formally introduced a Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM)-a response to the view that the official poverty rate does not provide an accurate count of who is poor in the United States. This article describes the SPM and highlights some of the strengths and limitations of this new statistic. The SPM improves on the offi cial poverty measure by accounting for in-kind benefits and expenses in the calculation of resources, and by using data on expenditures
more » ... ata on expenditures on food, clothing, shelter, and utilities in the calculation of poverty thresholds. Further, these thresholds are adjusted for geo graphical differences in housing costs and are updated by using a moving average of ex penditures. For 2010, the SPM poverty rates suggest a significant change in the composi tion of poverty in the United States relative to that suggested by the official measure. In particular, the SPM suggests that child poverty is less prevalent and that poverty among the elderly is more prevalent. It also suggests that poverty is more prevalent in the North east and Western regions of the country and less prevalent in the Midwest and Southern regions.
doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195393781.013.0026 fatcat:dpgmi42vsvf7xpa7zumhp6y7zu