The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) BZLF2 gene product associates with the gH and gL homologs of EBV and carries an epitope critical to infection of B cells but not of epithelial cells

Q Li, S M Turk, L M Hutt-Fletcher
1995 Journal of Virology  
Glycoprotein gp85, the product of the BXLF2 open reading frame (ORF), is the gH homolog of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and has been implicated in penetration of virus into B cells. Like its counterparts in other herpesviruses, it associates with a gL homolog, gp25, which is the product of the BKRF2 ORF. Unlike the gH homologs of other herpesviruses, however, gp85 also complexes with two additional glycoproteins of 42 and 38 kDa. Glycoproteins gp42 and gp38 were determined to be alternatively
more » ... sed forms of the BZLF2 gene product. Coexpression of EBV gH and gL facilitated transport of gH to the cell surface and resulted in formation of a stable complex of gH and gL. It also restored expression of an epitope recognized by monoclonal antibody E1D1, which immunoprecipitates the native gH complex but not recombinant gH expressed in isolation. Coexpression of gH, gL, and the BZLF2 ORF restored expression of an epitope recognized by a second monoclonal antibody, F-2-1, which immunoprecipitates the native gH-gL-gp42/38 complex but not the complex of recombinant gH and gL alone. The epitope recognized by antibody F-2-1 was mapped to the BZLF2 gene product itself. Antibody F-2-1 inhibited the ability of EBV to infect B lymphocytes but had no effect on the ability of the virus to infect the epithelial cell line SVK-CR2. In contrast, antibody E1D1 had no effect on infection of the B-cell line but inhibited infection of the epithelial cell line. These results indicate that penetration of the two cell types by EBV involves differential use of the gH-gL-gp42/38 complex and suggest the hypothesis that the BZLF2 gene product has evolved as a unique adaptation to infection of B lymphocytes by EBV.
doi:10.1128/jvi.69.7.3987-3994.1995 fatcat:3rj6x3u7nnfdbna5ayejzvqlrq